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Since then, Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs.
Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 openly moved towards cooperation with NATO.
Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested and includes a portion of the Scandinavian Mountains.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats (Swedish Götar) and Swedes (Svear) and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen.
Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy, with Legislative power vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag.
The climate is in general very mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence.When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and eventually the Swedish Empire was formed.This became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century.Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD.
In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes (Suiones) as a powerful tribe (distinguished not merely for their arms and men, but for their powerful fleets) with ships that had a prow at each end (longships).
Jordanes describes the Suetidi and Dani as being of the same stock and the tallest of people.