Lactation dating relationship
This research was supported by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant AA 09523 and the Office of Research on Women s Health.
, is a member of the Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
This alcohol consumption may adversely affect the infant s sleep and gross motor development and influence early learning about alcohol.
After a brief overview of the initiation and maintenance of lactation, the article describes the transfer of alcohol to human milk and the effects that maternal alcohol consumption have on the interaction between mother and infant.
This discussion includes effects on milk production and milk properties ( e. , flavor) , the infant s milk intake, and the infant s motor development and early learning.
Epidemiological studies found that although lactating women were less likely to report occasional binges of heavy drinking, the regular drinking patterns at 1 and 3 months after giving birth ( i. , postpartum) did not differ significantly between women who elected to breastfeed and women who never breastfed ( Little et al. In contrast, breast-feeding women limited their use of other drugs ( e. , were less likely to smoke cigarettes or marijuana or to use cocaine) . Effects of chronic ethanol consumption on lactational performance in the rat: Mammary gland and milk composition and pups growth and metabolism. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 27: 333 339, 1987. Each issue addresses a specific topic in alcohol research and summarizes critical findings in a brief, four-page, easy-to-read format.
In the same survey approximately 10 percent of lactating women reported consuming at least one drink daily. Cognitive Impairment and Recovery From Alcoholism (No. Alcohol Alert is also available on NIAAA s Web site ( / / Although pregnant women are discouraged from drinking alcohol because of alcohol' s detrimental effect on fetal development, the lore of many cultures encourages lactating women to drink alcohol to optimize breast milk production and infant nutrition.