In April 1920, the city came under the formal governance of the Far Eastern Republic, a Soviet-backed buffer state between the Soviets and Japan.
The Manchu emperors of China, the Qing Dynasty, banned Han Chinese from most of Manchuria including the Vladivostok area (see Willow Palisade)—it was only visited by illegal gatherers of ginseng and sea cucumbers.The new campus of Far Eastern Federal University was completed on Russky Island in 2012. The city is located in the southern extremity of Muravyov-Amursky Peninsula, which is about 30 kilometers (19 mi) long and 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) wide.The highest point is Mount Kholodilnik, 257 meters (843 ft).A telegraph line from Vladivostok to Shanghai and Nagasaki was opened in 1871.
That same year a commercial port was relocated to Vladivostok from Nikolayevsk-on-Amur. A coat of arms, representing the Siberian tiger, was adopted in March 1883. The city's economy was given a boost in 1916, with the completion of the Trans-Siberian Railway, which connected Vladivostok to Moscow and Europe.
Vladivostok's yearly mean of around 5 °C (41 °F) is some ten degrees lower than in cities on the French Riviera on a similar coastal latitude in Europe on the other extreme.